Speaker Name(s): Andrew D. Miall, BSc, PhD, DSc, FRSC
Description: Since the beginning of the twentieth century economic progress has depended on the availability of cheap oil and gas. Its abundance had been expected to begin declining within a few decades. However, new technologies are unlocking large new reserves of so-called “unconventional” resources, including oil sands and shale gas. A continued low price for fossil fuel energy seems likely to delay any hoped-for shift to renewable energy, as the basis for a low-carbon economy, but major concerns remain to be resolved, including pollution associated with the oil sands, the fracking technology used to extract shale gas, and pipeline accidents.